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Rail - Passenger Car - Heavyweight - Pullman Sleeper 10-1-2

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Name Passenger Car, Heavyweight, Pullman Sleeper 10-1-2
Region North America
Category Rail
Type Passenger Car
SubType Heavyweight
Variety Pullman Sleeper 10-1-2
Era Era III: 1939 - 1957


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History: Pullman was the leading producer of heavyweight coaches during the 1st half of the twentieth century. They were known for the quality and luxury of the passenger cars. The observation car was a common sight on heavyweight consists during 1920s and 1930s.

Sleeping, parlor and lounge cars of riveted carbon steel body-frame construction were built, owned and operated by the Pullman Company. These cars were better known by the name "Heavyweight Cars." Between March 1907 and February 1931 there were 8011 cars built.

The 12-1-1 and 10-1-2 cars had four sections, the rest room, vestibule and all rooms removed from the same end. The rest room was moved into the vestibule and five double bedrooms (A,B,C,D,& E) were constructed at that end. Although compartments and drawing rooms were becoming increasingly popular with travelers in the 1920s, Pullman (and most railroads) still favored open section cars, which carried more passengers and generated more revenue per trip. As a result, the 10-1-2 became one of Pullman's most common heavyweight cars, equipped with 10 open sections, two compartments and a single drawing room. Cars built to Pullman Plan #3585, Lot #4728 in late 1923, this configuration is typical of cars modernized with air conditioning in the 1930s, some of which remained in operation into the 1960s.

History:
The Pullman Car Company, founded by George Pullman, manufactured railroad cars in the mid-to-late 19th century through the early decades of the 20th century, during the boom of railroads in the United States. Its workers initially lived in a planned worker community (or "company town") named Pullman, Chicago. Pullman developed the sleeping car, which carried his name into the 1980s. Pullman did not just manufacture the cars: he also operated them on most of the railroads in the United States, paying railroad companies to couple the cars to trains. The labor union associated with the company, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which was founded and organized by A. Philip Randolph, was one of the most powerful African-American political entities of the 20th century. The company also built thousands of streetcars and trolley buses for use in cities.

From Wikipedia


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Item created by: gdm on 2018-03-05 14:16:21. Last edited by gdm on 2018-03-05 14:19:32

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