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Rail - Rolling Stock (Freight) - Consist - Mixed

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Rail - Rolling Stock (Freight) - Consist - Mixed
Name Mixed Freight Consist, Europe Epoch I
Region Europe
Category Rail
Type Rolling Stock (Freight)
SubType Consist
Variety Mixed
Manufacturer Various (Details)
Era Epoch I (1870-1920)



History: Although each European country has a different history when it comes to railroads, every European country can trace the history of their railroads to the same beginning. The development of the modern railway system came about thanks to two factors: technological advances and war. Early trains were powered by steam engines, but steam engines were not originally suitable for rail transportation. The steam engine needed two major improvements before it would be suitable for rail transportation. The first issue with the steam engine was that its oscillating motion had to be made into a rotary motion that cold drive the wheels of a train. The second problem was that a stronger iron was needed to withstand the pressure needed to drive steam locomotives. The first problem was solved by James Watt. His Sun and Planet gear connected the piston to the wheels of the train somewhat off center to drive it forward. The second problem was solved by the implementation of the rolling and puddling process in 1783, which made iron stronger by eliminating impurities. The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars also contributed to the rise of railroads in Europe. The loss of so many horses during these wars made an alternative form of transportation necessary. Thanks to these factors, the first steam locomotive came in 1804. By 1820, a properly running locomotive had been designed and the rolling and puddling process had been developed and widespread enough to make cheap, quality railroads possible. From here, the history of railroads in Europe diverges by country.

Railroad/Company: This set of items is comprised of more than one name. Please look at the component items for details on the specific roadnames and/or manufacturers.


Item Links: We found: 1 different collections associated with Rail - Rolling Stock (Freight) - Consist - Mixed
Item created by: gdm on 2019-05-10 11:09:08

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