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N Scale - Tomix - 2757 - Container Flatcar, Japan, Koki 10000 - Japanese National Railways - 18017

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Stock Number 2757
Original Retail Price 1,100.00¥
Brand Tomix
Manufacturer Takara Tomy
Body Style Tomix Container Flatcar Koki Series
Prototype Vehicle Container Flatcar, Japan, Koki 10000 (Details)
Road or Company Name Japanese National Railways (Details)
Road or Reporting Number 18017
Paint Color(s) Blue
Print Color(s) White
Coupler Type Rapido Hook
Coupler Mount Truck-Mount
Wheel Type Nickel-Silver Plated Metal
Wheel Profile Small Flange (Low Profile)
Release Date 2006-10-01
Item Category Rolling Stock (Freight)
Model Type Container Car
Model Subtype Koki
Model Variety 10000
Prototype Region Japan
Prototype Era JP Stage 3: Post-war Recovery (1945–1987)
Scale 1/150

Specific Item Information: without containers.
Series KOKI 10000 was developed in 1966 for the high-speed freight train on Tokaido and Sanyo Mainlines. KOKI 10000 can be loaded with 5 pcs. 10 foot container, while KOKIFU 10000 equipped with caboose can be loaded with 4 pcs.
From around 1974, the container was remodeled from 5 to 4 containers. The product uses this 4-piece stack as a prototype.

Prototype History:
The KOKI 10000 was developed in 1966, as an evolution of the 5500, to counter the rise in trucked freight, and had a top speed of 100 kph. As this was beyond the speed of a YO caboose, one car in the train (typically the last) would be a KOKIFU 10000.

Because a caboose could not be used on express trains, the KOKIFU incorporated the conductor’s room on the end. However, pictures show that the compartment end did not have to be at the tail of the train, and the cars could be operated with the KOKIFU on the end, but in reversed orientation. According to a footnote on the Japanese wikipedia, this was common in later years to prevent injury to conductors from rear-end collisions.

Read more of Japanese freight cars on Sumida Crossing website.

Road Name History:
Japanese National Railways (日本国有鉄道 Nihon Kokuyū Tetsudō), abbreviated Kokutetsu (国鉄) or "JNR", was the business entity that operated Japan's national railway network from 1949 to 1987.
By 1987, JNR's debt was over ¥27 trillion ($280 billion at 2009 exchange rates) and the company was spending ¥147 for every ¥100 earned. By an act of the Diet of Japan, on April 1, 1987 JNR was privatized and divided into seven railway companies, six passenger and one freight, collectively called the Japan Railways Group or JR Group.

From Wikipedia

Brand/Importer Information:
Tomix is a brand of Takara Tomy, a large Japanese conglomerate of companies that makes toys and games for the international marketplace. The Tomix brand (along with the Tomytec brand) are both managed by the Tomytec subsidiary/division of Takara Tomy. Prior to 1976 Tomy produced model trains using the "Tomy" brand name of the products. In 1976, they launched the new brand "Tomix" to segregate their model trains from their childrens toy lines.

Generally it can be difficult to understand why Tomytec releases some items using the Tomix brand and others using the Tomytec brand. There are some generalizations we have observed. Thomas the Tank Engine falls under Tomix, as do the JNR steam engines as well as bullet trains (Shinkansen) and track cleaning cars. Maybe another curator can step in and elaborate on this section.

Manufacturer Information:
Largely a Japanese manufacturer of children's toys and baby products, Takara Tomy has established a number of different subsidiary companies, with sales offices and factories located in various locations around the world. The firm is the product of a 2006 merger-of-equals between Tomy and Takara.

Takara Tomy produces N Scale model trains under their Tomytec division (we use the term loosely because it is actually a more complex relationship) using two different brand names "Tomytec" and "Tomix". Technically speaking these are not brands in the Western sense but rather they more closely resemble subsidiaries -of-subsidiaries, and where they fit in the corporate org chart may be the matter for a Master's thesis, but for our purposes we can think of them as simply two different brands with one manufacturer. In the past (prior to 1976) some model train products were branded simply "Tomy". To further confuse things, since 2000, outside of Japan, the company goes by the simple name, "Tomy" for their international subsidiaries.

If you consider both brand names as a single company, then the Tomytec/Tomix product line is the largest of its kind in Japan; with Kato following in second place (as of 2017). While Takara Tomy products are popular around the world, the firm's focus on children's toys has limited the international acceptance and distribution of its Tomytec model railroad products. Furthermore, unlike Kato, their focus tends to be heavily skewed towards Japanes prototypes.

Item created by: Alain LM on 2021-08-17 06:02:37. Last edited by Alain LM on 2021-08-20 14:04:22

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