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Vehicle - Rail - Passenger Car - Streamlined/Lightweight - Pullman Sleeper 4-4-2

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Vehicle - Rail - Passenger Car - Streamlined/Lightweight - Pullman Sleeper 4-4-2

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Name Passenger Car, Lightweight, Pullman, Sleeper 4-4-2
Region North America
Category Rail
Type Passenger Car
SubType Streamlined/Lightweight
Variety Pullman Sleeper 4-4-2
Manufacturer Pullman (Details)
Era Era III: Transition (1939 - 1957)

History: The "Imperial" 4-4-2s are among the most popular designs in Lightweight passenger service. They have an excellent array of middle to top level accommodations, with 4 double bedrooms, 4 comfortable compartments and 2 drawing rooms.
The drawing rooms have evolved from the Heavyweight days. The restroom is arranged differently (note that most of the toilets are near the centerline of the car, where their chutes can clear the underbody gear mounted along the car edges.) In place of the section and sofa combo, a sofa and two armchairs provide day accommodations. At night, the sofa folds down into a traditional upper and lower. The third berth is a "Murphy bed" that folds down from a wall locker.
The compartments have a similar arrangement of sofa and chair; being, in effect, miniaturized drawing rooms. The bedrooms are similar again, with less floor space and no chair. The fundamental difference between a "single bedroom" and a "double bedroom" is that the single does not have an upper berth.
There are still a few shortcomings with this design. For example, the compartments and bedrooms still have the open toilets (postwar cars will have these enclosed in tiny restrooms). The compartments also have the prewar style small windows above the main windows. These were originally designed to give the upper berth a window view. However, in these cars, the berths are mounted laterally.
Still, these are excellent cars: requiring only detail refinements to achieve the long-sought perfection of the sleeping car. These versatile 4-4-2s are found on trains throughout the country.

The Pullman Car Company, founded by George Pullman, manufactured railroad cars in the mid-to-late 19th century through the early decades of the 20th century, during the boom of railroads in the United States. Its workers initially lived in a planned worker community (or "company town") named Pullman, Chicago. Pullman developed the sleeping car, which carried his name into the 1980s. Pullman did not just manufacture the cars: he also operated them on most of the railroads in the United States, paying railroad companies to couple the cars to trains. The labor union associated with the company, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which was founded and organized by A. Philip Randolph, was one of the most powerful African-American political entities of the 20th century. The company also built thousands of streetcars and trolley buses for use in cities.

Item Links: We found: 2 different collections associated with Rail - Passenger Car - Streamlined/Lightweight - Pullman Sleeper 4-4-2
Item created by: Alain LM on 2018-07-29 16:45:33

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