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Transportation Company - Peabody Short Line - Railroad

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Transportation Company - Peabody Short Line - Railroad
Company Name Peabody Short Line
Category Railroad
Year Founded 1956
Final Year of Operation 1961
Termination Acquired
Successor/Parent Illinois Central (Details)
Country United States (Details)
Transportation Company - Peabody Short Line - Railroad



Company History: The interurban line E. St. Louis & Suburban Railway was abandoned in 1932. One of its subsidiaries was the St. Louis & Belleville Electric Railway which survived and was dieselized in 1949. Peabody Coal Company acquired the StL&BE in 1956 from the Union Electric Company of St. Louis. It renamed it Peabody Short Line in December of 1958. The Illinois Central Railroad acquired stock control in 1960, and merged it in August of 1961. Most of the line, from the River King Mine #1 to a connection with the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis at E. St. Louis, duplicated the IC’s Du Quoin to E. St. Louis line. Consequently most of the original line was abandoned, except for a short piece near the mine. The rest has since been abandoned.

Successor/Parent History:
The Illinois Central Railroad (reporting mark IC), sometimes called the Main Line of Mid-America, was a railroad in the central United States, with its primary routes connecting Chicago, Illinois, with New Orleans, Louisiana, and Mobile, Alabama. A line also connected Chicago with Sioux City, Iowa (1870). There was a significant branch to Omaha, Nebraska (1899), west of Fort Dodge, Iowa, and another branch reaching Sioux Falls, South Dakota (1877), starting from Cherokee, Iowa. The Sioux Falls branch has been abandoned in its entirety.

The IC is one of the early Class I railroads in the US. Its roots go back to abortive attempts by the Illinois General Assembly to charter a railroad linking the northern and southern parts of the state of Illinois. In 1850 U.S. President Millard Fillmore signed a land grant for the construction of the railroad, making the Illinois Central the first land-grant railroad in the United States.

The Illinois Central was chartered by the Illinois General Assembly on February 10, 1851. Senator Stephen Douglas and later President Abraham Lincoln were both Illinois Central men who lobbied for it. Douglas owned land near the terminal in Chicago. Lincoln was a lawyer for the railroad. Upon its completion in 1856 the IC was the longest railroad in the world. Its main line went from Cairo, Illinois, at the southern tip of the state, to Galena, in the northwest corner. A branch line went from Centralia, (named for the railroad) to the rapidly growing city of Chicago. In Chicago its tracks were laid along the shore of Lake Michigan and on an offshore causeway downtown, but land-filling and natural deposition have moved the present-day shore to the east.

In 1867 the Illinois Central extended its track into Iowa, and during the 1870s and 1880s the IC acquired and expanded railroads in the southern United States. IC lines crisscrossed the state of Mississippi and went as far as New Orleans, Louisiana, to the south and Louisville, Kentucky, in the east. In the 1880s, northern lines were built to Dodgeville, Wisconsin, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, and Omaha, Nebraska. Further expansion continued into the early twentieth century.

The Illinois Central, and the other "Harriman lines" owned by E.H. Harriman, was the target of the Illinois Central shopmen's strike of 1911. Although marked by violence and sabotage in the south, midwest, and western states, the strike was effectively over in a few months. The railroads simply hired replacements and withstood diminishing union pressure. The strike was eventually called off in 1915.

Brief History:
The U.S. is a country of 50 states covering a vast swath of North America, with Alaska in the northwest and Hawaii extending the nation’s presence into the Pacific Ocean. Major Atlantic Coast cities are New York, a global finance and culture center, and capital Washington, DC. Midwestern metropolis Chicago is known for influential architecture and on the west coast, Los Angeles' Hollywood is famed for filmmaking.


Item Links: We found: 1 different collections associated with Peabody Short Line - Railroad
Item created by: gdm on 2017-10-12 12:26:12. Last edited by gdm on 2019-07-08 11:58:13

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