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Axis & Allies War at Sea - D.551

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Axis & Allies War at Sea - D.551
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General Type Aircraft
Unit Type Fighter
Cost 8
Set Action Stations
Manufacturer Forumini
Available 1943
Set ID 5
Game Class Limits SNCAM
Country France (Details)
Prototype Aircraft, Propeller, Dewoitine D.551 (Details)
Armor 6
Vital 9
Hull Points 1
Primary 2/0/0/0
AA 8/0/-/-
Special Ability Escort
Special Ability Interceptor
Game Rarity X
Axis & Allies War at Sea - D.551
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Aircraft History:
The 551 design started in 1939. The aircraft was to be eight meters long, with a maximum airspeed of 662 km/h. It was equipped with six machine guns, and a 20 mm cannon. The 551 was designed to be able to face and defeat any other fighter of the time. The construction of the prototype took only 4000 hours, which was a record for the time. Its predecessor, the D520, took more than twice as much time to go from design to prototype.

The French government signed the armistice with Germany in June, 1940, The prototypes at the Dewoitine factory were scrapped. Two examples were preserved during the war under the name D560 and designated as sport aircraft. One example was located at Toulouse in 1945 but was also scrapped.

Constructions Aéronautiques Émile Dewoitine was a French aircraft manufacturer established by Émile Dewoitine at Toulouse in October 1920. The company's initial products were a range of metal parasol-wing fighters which were largely ignored by the French Air Force but purchased in large quantities abroad and licence-built in Italy, Switzerland, and Czechoslovakia. The company was liquidated in January 1927, with the only remaining active programme (the D.27) being transferred to EKW in Switzerland.

The company was re-established in Paris in March the following year as Société Aéronautique Française (Avions Dewoitine) or SAF. After briefly continuing D.27 production, the reconstituted firm produced a range of fighters that became a mainstay of the French airforce during the 1930s, the D.500 family.

It also developed important civilian airliners, such as the D.333 and its derivative the D.338, designed for pioneering routes to French Indochina (Vietnam), and eventually Hong Kong.

The firm was nationalised in March 1937 into the short-lived SNCA du Midi or SNCAM, and produced the D.520 as France's best-performing fighter at the outbreak of war, albeit in too small numbers to pose any serious opposition to the Luftwaffe in the Battle of France.

The end of Dewoitine as a recognisable entity was its absorption into SNCASE in December 1940, by which time Émile Dewoitine had departed to establish SIPA, and no further aircraft were produced under the Dewoitine name.

France is one of Europe’s largest countries. It is bordered by six countries other nations: Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the southeast and Spain to the southwest. The United Kingdom borders France via the English Channel. The country is considered to be the gateway to Europe as there are several large international airports (two of these can be found in Paris), ferry terminals and the French rail service.

In 486, Frankish tribes unified under Merovingian kingship. In 843, Western Francia was established from the division of the Carolingian Empire. In 1789, the French monarchy was overthrown, and in 1792, the First French Republic was founded. In 1958, the Fifth French Republic was established.

Item created by: gdm on 2019-10-07 09:48:03. Last edited by gdm on 2019-12-11 10:06:27

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